The superior courts are the High Court, Court of Appeal, and the Federal Court, while the Magistrates’ Courts and the Sessions Courts are classified as subordinate courts.
What are the superior courts in Malaysia?
The superior courts of Malaysia comprise the Federal Court, which is the apex court, the Court of Appeal and the High Court of Malaya and the High Court of Sabah and Sarawak. The two High Courts, which are of co-ordinate jurisdiction, further branch out into “local jurisdictions”.
What are the Subordinate Courts in Malaysia?
Subordinate Courts in Malaysia are the Sessions Court, Magistrates Court, Penghulu Court and Juvenile Court.
What are the subordinate courts?
Subordinate courts, on the criminal side (in ascending order of hierarchy) are, First Class Judicial Magistrate Court, Chief Judicial Magistrate Court. Certain matters on criminal side or civil side cannot be tried by a court lesser than a district court.
What are the courts that are listed under subordinate courts?
The Magistrates Court, the Court for Children and the Sessions Court are subordinate courts. The High Court, Court of Appeal and the Federal Court are superior courts.
Which is most superior court in Malaysia?
The Federal Court is the highest court in Malaysia. The Federal Court may hear appeals of civil decisions of the Court of Appeal where the Federal Court grants leave to do so.
Which is the highest court in Malaysia?
The Federal Court of Malaysia (Malay: Mahkamah Persekutuan Malaysia) is the highest court and the final appellate court in Malaysia. It is housed in the Palace of Justice in Putrajaya.
What is the function of subordinate court?
Subordinate courts, at the level of districts and lower, have almost similar structure all over the country. They deal with civil and criminal cases in accordance with their respective jurisdictions and administer the Code of CPC and the Code of CrPC. Each State is divided into judicial districts.
What type of cases go to high court?
The High Court deals at first instance with all high value and high importance civil law (non-criminal) cases, and also has a supervisory jurisdiction over all subordinate courts and tribunals, with a few statutory exceptions, though there are debates as to whether these exceptions are effective.
How do you address a judge in Malaysia?
Malaysia. In Malaysia, judges of the subordinate courts are addressed as Tuan or Puan (“Sir”, “Madam”), or Your Honour. Judges of the superior courts are addressed as Yang Arif ( lit.
What are the two types of subordinate courts in a state?
Answer: Two types of Subordinate Courts in a state are: (i) Civil Court. (ii) Criminal Court. Question 3: Who is the highest Judicial Officer in the District?
What are subordinate courts Class 8?
There are two types of lower courts—civil and criminal courts. … Some examples of subordinate courts are Senior Civil Judge Court and Junior Civil Judge Court for civil matters and Second Class Judicial Magistrate Court, First Class Judicial Magistrate Court and Chief Judicial Magistrate Court for criminal matters.
What is the difference between local court and district court?
There are some differences between Local Court and District Court. The main difference is that Local Court is heard by a magistrate with lawyers appearing for accused people, with no jury. District Court is when Judges, Barristers and juries play their role. … Local courts are where all criminal matters are first heard.
What is the difference between High Court and Federal Court?
The Criminal Court of Appeal hears appeals based on questions of law from the NSW Local and District courts. The Federal Court will hear criminal matters that are created by federal legislation. That is, legislation that applies to all States and Territories. The High Court is the highest court in Australia.
In what ways are the High Court and the Subordinate Courts materially different?
The High Courts have general supervisory and revisionary jurisdiction over all the Subordinate Courts and hear appeals from the Subordinate Courts in civil and criminal matters, but generally confines itself to offences on which the Magistrates and Sessions Courts have no jurisdiction.
Which court hears divorce cases in Malaysia?
Family disputes are heard by the ordinary civil courts. Applications in relation to the dissolution of marriage and its ancillary issues are dealt with by the High Court. There are two specific High Courts referred to as Family Courts to hear family disputes, one in Kuala Lumpur and the other in Shah Alam.