The tsunami’s waves traveled across the Indian Ocean at 500 mph, the speed of a jet plane. The 2004 Indonesia earthquake caused a shift in the Earth’s mass that changed the planet’s rotation. Total material losses from the tsunami were estimated at $10 million.
How much damage did the 2004 tsunami cause?
An astonishing roughly quarter million people (227,899) were killed or missing and presumed dead, including tourists, making this the deadliest tsunami in history. About 1.7 million people were displaced. Total damage was estimated at roughly $13 billion (2017 dollars).
How much did the damage of the 2004 tsunami cost?
For example, the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, with a death toll of over 230,000 people, cost a ‘mere’ $15 billion, whereas in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in which 11 people died, the damages were six-fold.
What was the impact of the 2004 tsunami?
Tsunami of December 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most infamous tsunami of modern times with disastrous consequences in many areas (i)humanitarian toll: it affected more than 18 countries from Southeast Asia to Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day and leaving more …
How much damage did the 2004 Sumatra earthquake cause?
In Aceh, the northern province of Sumatra, the United Nations (UN) Field Office reported approximately 131,000 people confirmed dead and 37,000 missing. With more than 80,000 houses sustaining major damage or collapse, the UN estimated that more than 500,000 people were displaced from their homes in Sumatra alone.
Can you swim under a tsunami?
“A person will be just swept up in it and carried along as debris; there’s no swimming out of a tsunami,” Garrison-Laney says. “There’s so much debris in the water that you’ll probably get crushed.” Eventually, the wave will pull back, dragging cars, trees, and buildings with it.
Why did 2004 tsunami kill so many?
The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. … Within hours of the earthquake, killer waves radiating from the epicenter slammed into the coastlines of 11 countries, damaging countries from east Africa to Thailand.
What is the biggest tsunami ever?
1958 Lituya Bay earthquake and megatsunami
What is the most deadliest tsunami?
The most devastating and deadliest tsunami was one in the Indian Ocean on Boxing Day, 2004. The tsunami was the most lethal ever to have occurred, with a death toll that reached a staggering figure of over 230,000, affecting people in 14 countries – with Indonesia hit worst, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.
How high was the wave of the 2004 tsunami?
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami timeline
+20 to 30 minutes: Tsunami waves more than 100 feet high pound the Banda Aceh coast, killing about 170,000 people and destroying buildings and infrastructure.
How long did it take to recover from the 2004 tsunami?
The results of these efforts are remarkable. Within five years, individuals were back in homes they owned, often on their original land, in communities with new schools and in many cases improved infrastructure.
What were the environmental effects of the 2004 tsunami?
Environmental impacts of the tsunami
Farm land ruined by salt water. 8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia. Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands damaged.
Could the 2004 tsunami have been prevented?
In fact, the impact of the 2004 tsunami was not limited to populous cities, but included a multitude of rural communities strung along the coastline. … It is even possible that a large, well-designed coastal forest could substantially mitigate the damage of a tsunami up to 8, or even 10 meters.
Did they know the 2004 tsunami was coming?
26, 2004, no one saw the massive waves coming. Authorities in Indonesia, where a 9.1 magnitude quake sparked the tsunami, weren’t able to send out an alert because the country’s sensor system had been hit by lightning. Thai officials did send a warning, but only after the first deadly wave hit.
How big was the Indonesian tsunami 2004?
Tsunami runup heights of more than 30 meters were observed along the west coast of Sumatra. In Aceh and Sumatera Utara Provinces, Indonesia, at least 108,100 people were killed, 127,700 are missing and presumed dead and 426,800 were displaced by the earthquake and tsunami.
Is a mega tsunami real?
A megatsunami is a tsunami with an initial wave amplitude (height) measured in many tens, hundreds, or possibly thousands of metres. A megatsunami is a separate class of event from a traditional tsunami and is caused by different mechanisms. Normal tsunamis result from movement of the sea floor due to plate tectonics.