Colonial Period of Indonesia. The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. … As a consequence its possessions in the archipelago passed into the hands of the Dutch crown in 1800.
How did Indonesia get colonized?
In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies. Revolt against the oppressing colonizers soon built up throughout the country.
Who was Indonesia colonized by?
In de 19th century, the Dutch East Indies – modern Indonesia – developed into a profitable colonial empire. Local insurgents were suppressed and henceforth a huge slice of Dutch revenue came from the East Indies.
How did colonialism affect Indonesia?
Generally the Dutch would export high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lower-quality sugar in the country. Overall, the system became massive; at one point in the mid-19th century, sugar production in Java accounted for one-third of the Dutch government’s revenues and 4 percent of Dutch GDP.
How was Indonesia affected by imperialism?
The imperialism that took place in Indonesia had many effects, both positive and negative. Positive Effects: Indonesia became independent, and was recognized as its own country. … The Dutch destroyed the peaceful way of life of the Indonesian people by bringing violence into the country.
What is the old name of Indonesia?
Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.
What if Indonesia was never colonized?
If Indonesia had never been colonized, there would be no Indonesia. Multiple states would be in this archipelago, many of them have conflict with their neighbors. You have to read the history of Indonesia to understand. Before the Dutch really have any power here, the multiple kingdoms fight each other.
What was Indonesia called before colonization?
The Indians chose Dwipantara, or the Islands of Beyond, while the Arabs settled on Jaza’ir al-Jawi, or the Java Islands. All these names established the region as a massive, faraway archipelago.
Why did Japan invade Indonesia?
The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in the region.
Who colonized Japan?
Japan’s first encounter with Western colonialism was with Portugal in the mid-sixteenth century. The Portuguese brought Catholicism and the new technology of gun and gunpowder into Japan. The latter changed the way samurai rulers fought wars, and accelerated the process of national unification.
What is Indonesia known for?
Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.
Why did Europe come to Indonesia?
During the 16th century, the spice trade powered the global economy. It was as profitable as crude oil as today. Spices that came from several areas in Indonesia had fabulously high price in Europe. … The Europeans wanted to profit from spice trade, so they came to Indonesia to find spices from the source.
Why was Thailand never conquered?
Thailand was never colonized by Europeans.
All of its neighbors were controlled by either the British or the French. … During WWII, Thailand was allied with Japan, so technically it was never conquered.
When did Indonesia gain its independence?
August 17, 1945
Was Indonesia a British colony?
From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. … The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.
When did Dutch invade Indonesia?
The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. Instead, it was a slow process of political expansion that took centuries to reach the territorial boundaries of present-day Indonesia.