Who was the Spanish administrator who served in the Philippines in the late 16th century?

In the late 16th century Manila was a walled Muslim settlement whose ruler levied customs duties on all commerce passing up the Pasig River. Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of Miguel López de Legazpi—first Spanish governor-general of the Philippines—entered the mouth of the river in 1571.

Who was the Spaniard who led the colonization of the Philippines?

Forty-four years after Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Philippines and died in the Battle of Mactan during his Spanish expedition to circumnavigate the globe, the Spaniards successfully annexed and colonized the islands during the reign of Philip II of Spain, whose name remained attached to the country.

How was the Philippines administered by Spain as a colony?

The archipelago was Spain’s outpost in the orient and Manila became the capital of the entire Spanish East Indies. The colony was administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain (now Mexico) until 1821 when Mexico achieved independence from Spain.

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How was the Philippines was administered by the Spanish colonial officials in the 19th century?

4. Referred specifically to those colonies ruled directly by a Governor appointed by the Monarch. Council of the Indies – administered the Philippines, even so the King of the Spain appointed Spanish officials to deal with the proper administration of the colony. …

Who is Antonio de Morga and write something about him?

He was a soldier and a lawyer, an explosive combination, especially if one was also a high-ranking colonial bureaucrat. Antonio de Morga SanchezGaray was born in 1559 in Sevilla, Spain, 38 years after Magellan was killed by Lapu-lapu and his men for meddling in the internal affairs of the rajahs and datus of Cebu.

What is the old name of Philippines?

Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar “Felipinas” after Philip II of Spain, then the Prince of Asturias. Eventually the name “Las Islas Filipinas” would be used to cover the archipelago’s Spanish possessions.

What was the Philippines like before colonization?

Prior to Spanish colonization in 1521, the Filipinos had a rich culture and were trading with the Chinese and the Japanese. Spain’s colonization brought about the construction of Intramuros in 1571, a “Walled City” comprised of European buildings and churches, replicated in different parts of the archipelago.

What are the negative effects of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?

The Spanish colonization however had major negative impacts on the indigenous people that settled in Trinidad such as the decrease of the population, family separation, starvation and the lost of their culture and tradition.

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Was there slavery in the Philippines?

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Slavery was widespread in the Philippine islands before the archipelago was integrated into the Spanish Empire. Policies banning slavery that the Spanish crown established for its empire in the Americas were extended to its colony in the Philippines.

How long did Spanish colonization in the Philippines last?

The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898. The U.S. then fought Spain during the Spanish-American war and took possession of the Philippines, which prompted the Philippine-American war that took place from 1899 to 1902.

When was the American period in the Philippines?

During the American colonial period (1898–1946), a recorded number of more than 800,000 Americans were born in the Philippines.

Why did Britain invaded Manila in 1762?

The British wanted to use Manila as an entrepôt for trade in the region, particularly with China. In addition, the Spanish agreed to deliver a ransom to the British in exchange for the city being spared from any further sacking.

Why did Enriquez create Filipino psychology?

Enriquez earned his B.A. in Philosophy from the University of the Philippines in 1961. … Filipino psychology was created because he noticed that scholars and intellectuals in the Philippines were dissatisfied with the Western-oriented take on psychology as their models did not fit with Filipino culture and behavior.

Why did Rizal annotate the Sucesos?

Rizal offered the annotated Sucesos to the Filipinos with the wise counsel that “to foretell the destiny of a nation, it is necessary to open the books that tell of her past.”

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Did Rizal believe in indolence of Filipinos?

It was written by José Rizal as a response to the accusation of Indio or Malay indolence. He admits the existence of indolence among the Filipinos, but it could be attributed to a number of reasons. He traces its causes to factors such as the climate and social disorders.

Who named the Philippines?

The Philippines are named after King Philip II (1527-1598) of Spain. The country was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 (while in Spanish service).

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