In this speech to a group of ministers, President William McKinley outlined his rationale for annexing the Philippines in a treaty of 1898, paying the Spanish (under duress) $20 million for the privilege. It was a difficult decision, and it foreshadowed the path of U.S. foreign policy for much of the next century.
Why did McKinley want to annex the Philippines?
Americans who advocated annexation evinced a variety of motivations: desire for commercial opportunities in Asia, concern that the Filipinos were incapable of self-rule, and fear that if the United States did not take control of the islands, another power (such as Germany or Japan) might do so.
When were the Philippines annexed?
In Paris on December 10, 1898, the United States paid Spain $20 million to annex the entire Philippine archipelago. The outraged Filipinos, led by Aguinaldo, prepared for war.
What are the four reasons President McKinley have for annexing the Philippines?
“And one night late it came to me this way – I don’t know how it was, but it came: (1) That we could not give them back to Spain – that would be cowardly and dishonorable; (2) that we could not turn them over to France or Germany – our commercial rivals in the Orient – that would be bad business and discreditable; (3) …
What did McKinley say about the Philippines?
Before you go I would like to say just a word about the Philippine business. I have been criticised a good deal about the Philippines, but don’t deserve it. The truth is I didn’t want the Philippines, and when they came to us, as a gift from the gods; I did not know what to do with them.
Is the Philippines a US territory?
The Philippines is not a U.S. territory. It was formerly a U.S. territory, but it became fully independent in 1946.
Did the United States own the Philippines?
United States/Philippines (1898-1946) Crisis Phase (December 10, 1898-October 31, 1899): The U.S. government formally acquired the Philippines from Spain with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898. The U.S. government declared military rule in the Philippines on December 21, 1898.
Why was annexing the Philippines controversial?
The leagues presented five major arguments against annexation. First, they stated that annexing a territory with no plans for statehood was unprecedented and unconstitutional. Second, they believed that to occupy and govern a foreign people without their consent violated the ideals of the Declaration of Independence.
Why didn’t the US keep the Philippines?
The US didn’t keep the Philippines for the same reason as it did not keep Cuba — because the US interest in them were largely commercial. After the US Civil War, the US experienced peace and therefore started looking into commerce and investment.
How many years did the American colonized Philippines?
The period of American colonialization of the Philippines lasted 48 years, from cession of the Philippines to the U.S. by Spain in 1898 to U.S. recognition of Philippine independence in 1946.
Why did the US annex the Philippines but not Cuba?
In order to prevent the possibility of US annexation of Cuba, Congress passed the Teller Amendment, which proclaimed that the United States would help the Cuban people gain their freedom from Spain but would not annex the island after victory.
Why did US give Philippines Independence?
During the Spanish-American War, Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo proclaim the independence of the Philippines after 300 years of Spanish rule. Opposition to Spanish rule began among Filipino priests, who resented Spanish domination of the Roman Catholic churches in the islands. …
Why did the Philippines rebel against the US?
They did not rebel when the United States fought against Spain during the Spanish-American War. Instead, they rebelled when the US decided not to allow the Philippines to become independent but, instead, to keep it as a US colony. They rebelled because they wanted to be independent.
Who wanted to Christianize Philippines?
The British, French, and Japanese also sought bases in the Philippines. Unaware that the Philippines were the only predominantly Catholic nation in Asia, President McKinley said that American occupation was necessary to “uplift and Christianize” the Filipinos.
Is Philippines a country?
Philippines, island country of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago consisting of some 7,100 islands and islets lying about 500 miles (800 km) off the coast of Vietnam. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city.
What is President McKinley known for?
He was president during the Spanish–American War of 1898, raised protective tariffs to boost American industry, and rejected the expansionary monetary policy of free silver, keeping the nation on the gold standard.