Quick Answer: What is Article 122 in the Philippines?

122. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas. … Whenever the pirates have abandoned their victims without means of saving themselves; or. Whenever the crime is accompanied by murder, homicide, physical injuries or rape.

What is the penalty for committing piracy and mutiny under Article 122?

532. As amended, the article now punishes piracy, as well as mutiny, whether committed in the high seas or in Philippine territorial waters, and the penalty has been increased to reclusion perpetua from reclusion temporal.

What is felony in the Philippines?

Definition. — Acts and omissions punishable by law are felonies (delitos). Felonies are committed not only by means of deceit (dolo) but also by means of fault (culpa).

What are light felonies in the Philippines?

Light felonies are those infractions of law for the commission of which a penalty of arrest menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos or both; is provided.

What is grave scandal?

GRAVE SCANDAL – consists of acts which are offensive to decency and good customs which, having committed publicly, have given rise to public scandal to persons who have accidentally witnessed the same.

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What is Article 122 Revised Penal Code?

122. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas. … Whenever the pirates have abandoned their victims without means of saving themselves; or. Whenever the crime is accompanied by murder, homicide, physical injuries or rape.

What is Article 247 Revised Penal Code?

“Art. 247. Death or physical injuries inflicted under exceptional circumstances. … If he shall inflict upon them physical injuries of any other kind, he shall be exempt from punishment.

What are the penalties in the Philippines?

Capital punishment:

  • Death. Afflictive penalties:
  • Reclusion perpetua, Reclusion temporal, Perpetual or temporary absolute disqualification, …
  • Prision correccional, Arresto mayor, Suspension, …
  • Arresto menor, Public censure. Penalties common to the three preceding classes:
  • Fine, and. Bond to keep the peace. Accessory Penalties.

What are private crimes in the Philippines?

What is a private crime? Private offenses are those which cannot be prosecuted except upon complaint filed by the aggrieved party. Strictly speaking, there is no such thing as a private offense since all offenses are an outrage against the State.

What is reclusion perpetua in the Philippines?

Reclusión perpetua (Spanish, from Latin: reclusio perpetua, meaning “permanent imprisonment”) is a type of sentence of imprisonment in the Philippines, Argentina, and several other countries. … Life imprisonment does not carry this penalty.

What is RA 10951 in the Philippines?

Treason – Any Filipino citizen who levies war against the Philippines or adheres to her enemies, giving them aid or comfort within the Philippines or elsewhere, shall be punished by reclusion perpetua to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed Four million pesos (₱4,000,000).

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What are the six types of justifying circumstances?

The justifying circumstances by subject are as follows:

  • Self-defense.
  • Defense of Relative.
  • Defense of Stranger.
  • State of Necessity.
  • Fulfillment of duty.
  • Obedience to superior order.
  • Imbecility and the insanity.
  • Minority.

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What is grave coercion?

For example, the crime of grave coercion is committed by any person who, without authority of law, shall, by means of violence, prevent another from doing something not prohibited by law, or compel him to do something against his will whether it be right or wrong.

What is falsification of documents?

Document falsification is a serious matter. … Forging a signature comes under this category as does the act of altering, concealing or destroying records. Trying to alter the facts. The act of altering records is an example of document falsification, which is a white-collar crime.

What is direct bribery?

When a public officer is called upon to perform or refrain from performing an official act in exchange for a gift, present or consideration given to him (Art. 210, Revised Penal Code), the crime committed is direct bribery.

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