There are many types of wayang in Indonesia: Wayang Kulit (wayang that is made of leather), Wayang Wong (wayang performance that is played by actors, instead of puppets), Wayang Gedog (similar to Wayang Wong, but the actors wear a mask), Wayang Golek (wayang that is made of wooden), Wayang Klitik (a small wayang that …
How many types of wayang are there?
8 Different Types of Wayang.
What are the different types of wayang plays in Indonesia?
Wayang kulit is one of the many different forms of wayang theatre found in Indonesia; the others include wayang beber, wayang klitik, wayang golek, wayang topeng, and wayang wong.
What are the two main types of Indonesian puppets?
Cultural Context and History:
In fact, there are many different styles of puppetry from Indonesia. The two most popular are Wayang Kulit (shadow puppets) and Wayang Golek (rod puppets)
How many puppets are there in wayang kulit?
A complete shadow theatre has between 160 and 200 puppets categorised into deities, warriors, ogres, hermits, monkeys, soldiers, princesses, weapons, animals and mountains.
What does gamelan mean?
: an Indonesian orchestra made up especially of percussion instruments (such as gongs, xylophones, and drums)
What is Wayang Purwa?
Wayang purwa (Javanese for “ancient” or “original” wayang) refer to wayang that are based on the stories of Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. They are usually performed as wayang kulit, wayang golek, and wayang wong dance dramas.
What is the famous shadow puppetry in Indonesia?
Wayang, also spelled Wajang, (Javanese: “shadow”), classical Javanese puppet drama that uses the shadows thrown by puppets manipulated by rods against a translucent screen lit from behind. Developed before the 10th century, the form had origins in the thalubomalata, the leather puppets of southern India.
What is the traditional theater of Indonesia?
Wayang is a traditional form of puppet theatre play originated on the Indonesian island of Java. Wayang kulit is a unique form of theatre employing light and shadow.
What puppetry is Indonesia best now?
UNESCO designated wayang kulit, a shadow puppet theatre and the best known of the Indonesian wayang, as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on 7 November 2003.
What is the two types of Nang?
Two simple types of puppets are the finger puppet, which is a tiny puppet that fits onto a single finger, and the sock puppet, which is formed and operated by inserting one’s hand inside a sock, with the opening and closing of the hand simulating the movement of the puppet’s “mouth.” The sock puppet is a type of hand …
How important is the puppetry in Indonesia?
In Indonesia, puppetry (wayang) and the related mask (topeng) performance are seen as the model for human theatre which is called wayang wong or wayang orang, literally “human puppetry”. … The term probably comes from bayang “shadow” and shadow theatre puppetry is considered the most important tradition.
What is the most important person in wayang kulit?
In traditional Indonesian shadow theatre – wayang kulit the most important person is dalang – one person who narrates, animates and lends voices to all characters appearing during the performance and also acts as playwright, conductor, director or kind of curator taking care of the shape of the whole performance, being …
What are the three elements of wayang kulit?
shadow puppets, wayang kulit. a light source, blencong. female singers and a male chorus, pesindhen and penggerong. a screen frame and screen, gawang and kelir; the main focus of the performance.
What is the use of Wayang Kulit of Indonesia?
The shadow puppet plays, known as wayang kulit are popular not only in Bali but throughout Indonesia. Far more than mere entertainment, the wayang kulit is an extremely important vehicle of culture, serving as carrier of myth, morality play, and form of religious experience rolled into one.
How is wayang kulit made?
Wayang kulit are made from water buffalo hide, cut and punctured by hand, one hole at a time. … Making the puppet sticks from horn involves a complicated process of sawing, heating, hand-molding, and sanding until the desired effect is achieved.