Jakarta, formerly (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea).
What is Jakarta known for?
Jakarta Pusat or central Jakarta is where you can find the iconic landmarks such as Monas, The Merdeka Palace, The National Museum, Istiqlal Mosque, The Jakarta Cathedral, and Monumen Selamat Datang or the welcome monument widely renowned as Bunderan HI.
How would you describe Jakarta?
Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia, located on the northwest of the island of Java. Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre and the most populous city not only in Indonesia but in Southeast Asia as a whole.
Is Jakarta a island?
JAKARTA, LOCATED on the island of JAVA, is the capital of INDONESIA and serves as a gateway to the country. Java is located in a chain of islands, with SUMATRA to the northwest, Bali to the east, BORNEO to the northeast, and CHRISTMAS ISLAND to the south. It is the world’s 13th-largest island.
What is the geography of Jakarta?
Jakarta is situated on the northwest coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, an inlet of the Java Sea. The northern part of Jakarta is plain land, some areas of which are below sea level and subject to frequent flooding. The southern parts of the city are hilly.
Is Jakarta dangerous?
OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM
When the overall risk is in question, Jakarta can be considered not so safe city. Tourists need to exercise a high degree of caution in Jakarta, and this is all due to the high threat of terrorist attack. Your security is at danger at all times, so you need to pay special attention.
What is considered rude in Indonesia?
So when shaking hands, offering a gift, handing or receiving something, eating, pointing or generally touching another person, it is considered proper etiquette to always use your right hand. Pointing toward someone with forefinger is considered rude.
What does Jakarta mean in English?
Jakarta in British English
(dʒəˈkɑːtə ) noun. the capital of Indonesia, in N West Java: founded in 1619 and ruled by the Dutch until 1945; the chief trading centre of the East in the 17th century; University of Indonesia (1947).
What language is spoken in Jakarta?
Largest languages in Indonesia
|Language||Number (millions)||Main areas where spoken|
|Javanese||84.3||throughout Java Island and several provinces in Sumatra and Kalimantan island.|
|Sundanese||42.0||West Java, Banten, Jakarta|
|Madurese||13.6||Madura Island (East Java)|
How far is Jakarta from Bali?
How far is it from Jakarta to Bali? It is approximately 934 km to get from Jakarta to Bali. How do I travel from Jakarta to Bali without a car? The best way to get from Jakarta to Bali without a car is to train and car ferry and bus which takes 25h 35m and costs Rp490000 – Rp1000000.
What is the old name of Indonesia?
Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.
Why has Jakarta grown so much?
People. The population of Jakarta has increased dramatically since 1940. Much of that increase is attributed to immigration, which has transformed Jakarta into one of the world’s largest urban agglomerations.
Is Jakarta sinking?
Flood-prone Jakarta is the world’s fastest sinking city — as fast as 10 centimetres per year. … Almost half the city now sits below sea level. Excessive extraction of groundwater for drinking and commercial use is largely responsible for this: When water is pumped out of an underground aquifer, the land above it sinks.
Is Jakarta bigger than Singapore?
Indonesia is about 2,648 times bigger than Singapore.
Singapore is approximately 719 sq km, while Indonesia is approximately 1,904,569 sq km, making Indonesia 264,718% larger than Singapore. Meanwhile, the population of Singapore is ~6.2 million people (260.8 million more people live in Indonesia).
Why is Jakarta attracted?
The main pull factor that draws people to Jakarta are the better job opportunities with better pay. As there are so many people currently living in Jakarta, many jobs are available so that the needs of the population can be satisfied. … Finally, family ties is another reason for people being drawn to Jakarta.
Is Jakarta developed?
Jakarta has undergone tremendous growth and development since Indonesia’s independence. During the 1950s the city began its transformation, as President Sukarno supported large-scale construction projects. The city’s infrastructure was modernized, and office towers rose.