The Philippines was ruled under the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain. After this, the colony was directly governed by Spain. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War. … The Treaty of Manila in 1946 established the independent Philippine Republic.
Who ruled the Philippines during the Spanish colonization?
Forty-four years after Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Philippines and died in the Battle of Mactan during his Spanish expedition to circumnavigate the globe, the Spaniards successfully annexed and colonized the islands during the reign of Philip II of Spain, whose name remained attached to the country.
What kind of government was established in the Philippines during the Spanish regime?
Spain established a centralized colonial government in the Philippines that was composed of a national government and the local governments that administered provinces, cities, towns and municipalities.
What is the impact of Spanish rule in the Philippines?
The Impacts of Spanish Rule in the Philippines. An important impact of Spanish rule in the Philippines is the creation of a mestizo culture with entrenched landed interests and a highly skewed land distribution.
Why was the Philippines colonized by Spain?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.
What are the negative effects of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
The Spanish colonization however had major negative impacts on the indigenous people that settled in Trinidad such as the decrease of the population, family separation, starvation and the lost of their culture and tradition.
How many years did Spanish colonized Philippines?
The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire. The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898.
What is Philippines old name?
Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar “Felipinas” after Philip II of Spain, then the Prince of Asturias. Eventually the name “Las Islas Filipinas” would be used to cover the archipelago’s Spanish possessions.
What was the reform movement in the Philippines called?
Propaganda Movement, reform and national consciousness movement that arose among young Filipino expatriates in the late 19th century. Although its adherents expressed loyalty to the Spanish colonial government, Spanish authorities harshly repressed the movement and executed its most prominent member, José Rizal.
What were the effect of Spanish colonization in our present form of government?
Power, wealth and control were kept thru a system of elite titled Spanish aristocracy that ran the country with a few Filipinos included into the ruling ‘class’. The ruling class gained power and wealth thru land grants, positions, and titles from the King, and in turn gave tribute and loyalty back to the King.
Was there slavery in the Philippines?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Slavery was widespread in the Philippine islands before the archipelago was integrated into the Spanish Empire. Policies banning slavery that the Spanish crown established for its empire in the Americas were extended to its colony in the Philippines.
How does Spanish period affects the Philippine literature?
The figure of Rizal dominates Philippine literature until the present day. Liberalism led to education of the native and the ascendancy of Spanish. But Spanish was undermined by the very ideas of liberation that it helped spread, and its decline led to nativism and a renaissance of literature in the native languages.
What are the impact of Spanish rule?
The feudal system forced on the natives had a drastic impact on their self-sufficient communities. Under Spanish rule, the indigenous families had to cultivate, not only enough food and crops for their own sustenance, but also great portions which they were forced to hand over to the warlords.
What was the Philippines called before colonization?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.
Does Filipino have Spanish blood?
Filipinos do not have much Spanish blood because it never received the massive migration like Latin America. … Filipinos are not Hispanics unless they have at least 50% of their DNA from the Iberian Peninsula and speak Spanish.
What were the reasons for Spanish colonization?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.