In total approximately 60,000 Australians—ground troops, air-force and naval personnel—served in Vietnam between 1962 and 1972. 521 died as a result of the war and over 3,000 were wounded. 15,381 conscripted national servicemen served from 1965 to 1972, sustaining 202 killed and 1,279 wounded.
Did Australian conscripts have to go to Vietnam?
Conscription ended in December 1972 and the remaining seven men in Australian prisons for refusing conscription were freed in mid-to-late December 1972. 63,735 national servicemen served in the Army, of whom 15,381 were deployed to Vietnam.
How many conscripts served in Vietnam?
Those who served and died in Vietnam
804,286 20-year-olds registered for national service. 63,735 national servicemen served in the Army. 15,381 served in Vietnam.
How long did a draftee have to serve in Vietnam?
Draftees had a service obligation of two years, but volunteers served longer tours—four years in the case of the Air Force. Another alternative was to join the National Guard or the Reserve, go to basic training, and then serve out one’s military obligation on training weekends and short active duty tours.
How many Australian Vietnam veterans have PTSD?
The prevalence of PTSD in Australian Vietnam Veterans has been reported as 20-30%.
Can you refuse conscription?
A conscientious objector is an “individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service” on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, or religion. In some countries, conscientious objectors are assigned to an alternative civilian service as a substitute for conscription or military service.
Who stopped conscription in Australia?
(2) (Conscripts were not allocated to the Navy or Air Force). Honouring a central election pledge, the Whitlam Government abolished conscription by immediate administrative action followed up in 1973 by the National Service Termination Act.
Why was conscription a bad thing?
One downside of conscription is that the time in the military can be quite hard. For many people, it is the first time away from home for a longer period of time and they might not be mentally prepared for this. Some people may feel quite lonely and may also not be able to deal with the strict rules in the military.
How many conscripts died in Vietnam?
From the time of the arrival of the first members of the Team in 1962 almost 60,000 Australians, including ground troops and air force and navy personnel, served in Vietnam; 521 died as a result of the war and over 3,000 were wounded.
How many Australian conscripts died in the Vietnam War?
In 1964, the National Service Act introduced a scheme of selective conscription in Australia, designed to create an army of 40,000 full-time soldiers. Many of them were sent on active service to the war in Vietnam. 521 Australians died during the Vietnam War and around 3000 were wounded.
What was the oldest age drafted in WWII?
On September 16, 1940, the United States instituted the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, which required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft.
Who served the most tours in Vietnam?
Apparently the longest-serving American in the Vietnam War was Robert Lewis Howard, who started his first tour in 1965 with the 101st Airborne Division, and went on to serve with the Special Forces and Military Assistance Command Vietnam/Studies and Observation Group (MACV/SOG), doing a record five tours of duty and …
Who was the last person killed in Vietnam?
Charles McMahon (May 10, 1953 – April 29, 1975) and Darwin Lee Judge (February 16, 1956 – April 29, 1975) were the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
How were Vietnam veterans treated once they returned to Australia?
Part of the narrative of Australia’s Vietnam War in the more than 40 years since our commitment ended has been that Australian soldiers returning from their deployments were badly treated by their fellow Australians. … The sad fact is that those who served in Vietnam were not welcomed back as they should have been.
What was PTSD called in Vietnam?
Terms such as shell shock, war neurosis, and battle fatigue were used to describe symptoms that many soldiers experienced after returning home from war.
How did PTSD affect Vietnam veterans?
They reported lower satisfaction with their marriage, sex life, and life in general. They also indicated having more parenting difficulties, higher divorce rates, lower happiness, and more physical health complaints, such as fatigue, aches, and colds. Veterans with chronic PTSD were also more likely to be smokers.