During the 20th century, deforestation in Thailand was driven primarily by agricultural expansion, although teak deforestation happened as a direct result of logging. Much of Thailand’s recent economic improvement can be attributed to increased agricultural production for export.
What causes deforestation in Thailand?
In Thailand, forest cover has declined from 53.5% in 1961 to 31.6% in 2014 as a result of population growth, infrastructure development, agricultural expansion, illegal logging and uncontrolled forest fires. On average, the annual deforestation rate was estimated at 0.6% or 140,000 hectares per year, from 1973 to 2014.
How has deforestation affected Thailand?
Due to a large amount of deforestation in Thailand, the amount of land covered by forest was reduced from 70% in 1930 to 25% today. … According to recent studies, the cutting and burning of forests – primarily tropical rainforests – is responsible for up to 30 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions.
How can we stop deforestation in Thailand?
As governmental strategy to combat deforestation, it has been established a new policy for an action plan to prevent and control of deforestation in Thailand, such as restructuring of the forest protection and control groups, providing more equipments for forest protection and incentive to people participation to …
What are three reasons why deforestation is occurring?
The causes of deforestation
- Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods.
- Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development.
Why is the air quality so bad in Thailand?
Contributors to poor air quality in Thailand include power generation from coal, the manufacturing, refining, and mining industries, vehicle emissions, and waste burning. Seasonal variations exist, with high levels of air pollution in the dry season (January to April).
Is logging illegal in Thailand?
Due to various pressures, in particular the devastating floods in southern Thailand (1988), the Royal Thai Government (RTG) officially imposed a “total logging ban” in natural forests in January 1989. Since then, the National Forest Policy has been amended to encourage forest protection.
Is Thailand polluted?
In 2019, Thailand was ranked as the 28th most polluted country out of the 98 countries ranked in IQAir’s 2019 World Air Quality Report, with a yearly PM2. 5 rating of 24.3 μg/m3, putting it at a rating of moderate risk to health according to the US Air Quality Index.
Are there forests in Thailand?
Thailand’s forest parks fall under IUCN Category V, (Protected Landscape/Seascape). There are a total of 69 Forest Parks in Thailand, covering a combined land surface of 880 km², which is about a 0.17% of the total area of the country.
What is Thailand’s climate?
Most of Thailand has a “tropical wet and dry or savanna climate” type (Köppen’s Tropical savanna climate). The majority of the south as well as the eastern tip of the east have a tropical monsoon climate. Parts of the south also have a tropical rainforest climate. Thailand has three seasons.
Where is the jungle in Thailand?
Khao Sok National Park in Southern Thailand is an amazing place. It is covered by the oldest evergreen rainforest in the world, huge limestone mountains shooting straight up in the air, deep valleys, breathtaking lakes, exciting caves, wild animals and much more.
When did deforestation start in Malaysia?
The FAO says that only 11.6 percent of the forests that cover Malaysia are considered pristine. Between 1990 and 2010, Malaysia lost an average of 96,000 ha or 0.43% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Malaysia lost 8.6% of its forest cover, or around 1,920,000 ha.
What is in the rainforest?
A rainforest is an area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall. … This makes rainforests astoundingly dense with flora and fauna; a 10-square-kilometer (4-square-mile) patch can contain as many as 1,500 flowering plants, 750 species of trees, 400 species of birds and 150 species of butterflies.
What are the 10 causes of deforestation?
Primary Causes of Deforestation
- Agricultural Activities. As earlier mentioned in the overview, agricultural activities are one of the significant factors affecting deforestation. …
- Livestock Ranching. …
- Illegal Logging. …
- Urbanization. …
- Desertification of Land. …
- Mining. …
- Forest Fires. …
What is the number 1 cause of deforestation?
The conversion of forests into agricultural plantations is a major cause of deforestation. The increase in global demand for commodities, such as palm oil and soybeans, are driving industrial-scale producers to clear forests at an alarming rate.
What are the 5 effects of deforestation?
The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.