The Philippines ranks second in number of smokers, and has the highest number of female smokers in the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations. The World Health Organization estimates that 10 Filipinos die every hour due to cancer, stroke, lung and heart diseases brought on by cigarette smoking.
What is in the smoke of a cigarette?
Phases of Tobacco Smoke. Smoke from a burning cigarette is a “concentrated aerosol of liquid particles suspended in an atmosphere consisting mainly of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide” (Guerin 1980, p.
What is cigarette smoke called?
Smoke that comes from the lighted end of a burning tobacco product, such as a cigarette, pipe, or cigar.
What is the pH of cigarette smoke?
Cigarette smoke is generally mildly acidic (pH 5.6-6.3), and thus requires inhalation for efficient absorption of high doses. Mildly acidic smoke is also generally less noxious to inhale than alkaline smoke (Brunnemann & Hoffman, 1974).
What does smoking a cigarette do?
Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging your airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in your lungs. Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer.
Is rat poison in cigarettes?
When burned, cigarettes create more than 7,000 chemicals. At least 69 of these chemicals are known to cause cancer, and many are toxic. Many of these chemicals also are found in consumer products, but these products have warning labels—such as rat poison packaging.
Who smoked the first cigarette?
The practice is believed to have begun as early as 5000–3000 BC in Mesoamerica and South America. Tobacco was introduced to Eurasia in the late 17th century by European colonists, where it followed common trade routes.
Does smoking have any positive effects?
Research conducted among smokers has shown that cigarette smoking (or nicotine administration) has several benefits, including modest improvements in vigilance and information processing, facilitation of some motor responses, and perhaps enhancement of memory131″133.
Why is it bad to smoke?
Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking also increases risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems of the immune system, including rheumatoid arthritis.
Is smoking one cigarette a day harmful?
A study in the January 24 issue of The BMJ found that smoking even one cigarette a day carries significant health consequences, namely a higher risk of heart attack and stroke.
What are the major pollutant of cigarette smoke?
INTRODUCTION Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture of chemicals. Some smoke components, such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), and nitrogen oxides, are gases.
Is smoking acidic or alkaline?
The conditions of smoking in a pipe whereby the smoke from all types of tobacco, with both high and low sugar content, is less acid than that of most cigarettes, and becomes progressively more alkaline during the course of smoking.
Is cigarette acidic or alkaline?
Tobacco in oral products is more basic and better absorbed via the mouth than cigarette smoke, which is more acidic. Cigarettes contain 1–2 per cent nicotine, or approximately 10–20 mg of nicotine (Caravati et al., 2004).
How much damage can 1 cigarette do?
Since the average cigarette pack contains 20 cigarettes, the researchers expected that the risk of heart disease or stroke for a 1-cigarette-per-day smoker would be just 5 percent of that of a pack-a-day user.
Can I smoke 1 cigarette a month?
Even if it was only once a month, they lit up. “What happens is when you first get addicted, one cigarette a month or one cigarette a week is enough to keep your addiction satisfied,” says Difranza. “But as time goes by, you have to smoke cigarettes more and more frequently.
How many cigarettes a day is heavy smoking?
Background: Heavy smokers (those who smoke greater than or equal to 25 or more cigarettes a day) are a subgroup who place themselves and others at risk for harmful health consequences and also are those least likely to achieve cessation.