Jakarta, formerly (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea).
What country does Indonesia belong to?
Land. Indonesia is the largest country in Southeast Asia, with a maximum dimension from east to west of about 3,200 miles (5,100 km) and an extent from north to south of 1,100 miles (1,800 km). It shares a border with Malaysia in the northern part of Borneo and with Papua New Guinea in the centre of New Guinea.
Is Jakarta a state?
Jakarta was officially a city within West Java until 1960, when its official status was changed to a province with special capital region distinction. As a province, its government consists of five administrative cities and one administrative regency.
|HDI (2019)||0.807 (1st) – very high|
Is Jakarta in Central Java?
Java is divided into four administrative provinces: Banten, West Java, Central Java, and East Java, and two special regions, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.
Is Indonesia its own country?
listen)), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. Indonesia is the world’s largest island country and the 14th-largest country by land area, at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles). …
Is Indonesia a poor or rich country?
As an lower-middle income country and member of the G20, Indonesia is classified as a newly industrialized country. It is the 15th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and the 7th largest in terms of GDP (PPP).
Is Indonesia a safe country?
OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM. Indonesia is mostly a safe country to travel to, though it still has its dangers from natural disasters to terrorism and petty theft. Be very cautious on the streets of Indonesia and plan your trip carefully.
Is Jakarta dangerous?
OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM
When the overall risk is in question, Jakarta can be considered not so safe city. Tourists need to exercise a high degree of caution in Jakarta, and this is all due to the high threat of terrorist attack. Your security is at danger at all times, so you need to pay special attention.
What is the poorest city in Indonesia?
Yogyakarta, about 500 kilometres from Indonesia’s capital Jakarta, is the poorest province on Java. Its poverty rate stands at 11.81 percent, higher the national figure.
What language is spoken in Jakarta?
Largest languages in Indonesia
|Language||Number (millions)||Main areas where spoken|
|Javanese||84.3||throughout Java Island and several provinces in Sumatra and Kalimantan island.|
|Sundanese||42.0||West Java, Banten, Jakarta|
|Madurese||13.6||Madura Island (East Java)|
What is Jakarta well known for?
Jakarta Pusat or central Jakarta is where you can find the iconic landmarks such as Monas, The Merdeka Palace, The National Museum, Istiqlal Mosque, The Jakarta Cathedral, and Monumen Selamat Datang or the welcome monument widely renowned as Bunderan HI.
What does Jakarta mean in English?
Jakarta in British English
(dʒəˈkɑːtə ) noun. the capital of Indonesia, in N West Java: founded in 1619 and ruled by the Dutch until 1945; the chief trading centre of the East in the 17th century; University of Indonesia (1947).
Why is Jakarta sinking?
Flood-prone Jakarta is the world’s fastest sinking city — as fast as 10 centimetres per year. … Almost half the city now sits below sea level. Excessive extraction of groundwater for drinking and commercial use is largely responsible for this: When water is pumped out of an underground aquifer, the land above it sinks.
What is the old name of Indonesia?
Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.
What race is Indonesian considered?
|Ethnic groups||Population (million)||Main Regions|
|Javanese||95.217||Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Lampung, Jakarta|
|Sundanese||31.765||West Java, Banten, Lampung|
|Malay||8.789||Sumatra eastern coast, West Kalimantan|
|Madurese||6.807||Madura island, East Java|
Is Indonesia better than India?
However, Indonesia scores better than India on fiscal matters. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Indonesia’s general government debt is at 29.6% of GDP, while India’s is significantly higher at nearly 69% of GDP in 2018. … Economic growth in recent years has been more volatile in India than Indonesia.