Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.
What is Indochina called today?
The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), and the entire area of Indochina is now usually referred to as the Indochinese Peninsula or Mainland Southeast Asia.
Which countries are in Indochina?
Indochina comprises five countries: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. These coun- tries share natural resources centering on the Mekong River, which flows from north to south through the center of the Indochinese peninsula, and are closely related economically, culturally and historically.
What were the three independent countries that Indochina split into after the French left?
French Indochina was split into three countries: Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
What other territories did France Add to Indochina?
In the process, the French replaced local leaders with their nationals — by 1925, a bureaucracy of some 5,000 Frenchmen ruled over a country totaling 30,000,000. In time, France had extended its control to encompass Laos, North and South Vietnam, and Cambodia, which they called French Indochina.
What is the richest country in Southeast Asia?
South East Asia (SEA)
|Rank||Country||2020 GDP (PPP) billions of USD|
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
What was the old name of Vietnam?
Names of Vietnam
|1887–1954||Đông Pháp (Bắc Kỳ, Trung Kỳ, Nam Kỳ)|
|from 1945||Việt Nam|
|History of Vietnam|
What was the war in Vietnam over?
The Vietnam War pitted communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and the United States. The war ended when U.S. forces withdrew in 1973 and Vietnam unified under Communist control two years later.
Which country is not included in Indochina?
In 1940 the Japanese occupied the Tonkin area of northern Vietnam and in the following year the rest of Indochina. But, except for Vietnam and the western provinces of Cambodia, which the Japanese ceded to their Thai ally, Indochina was unaffected by the Japanese invasion.
Why did the French lose their Indochinese colonies?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. … The events of WWII, including the defeat, humiliation and compromise of the French, galvanized the revolutionary movements.
Why did the French lose in Vietnam?
In the late 1940s, the French struggled to control its colonies in Indochina – Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. … On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region.
Did France start the Vietnam War?
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954. … The Chinese accepted one Vietnamese government under Hồ Chí Minh, then in power in Hanoi (Tonkin’s capital).
Are there still French plantations in Vietnam?
During the following ‘American War’, many French were still living in South Vietnam, mostly in Saigon and around the towns of Vung Tau, Nha Trang and Da Lat. It is said that at least 17,000 of them were still living in the country as of 1967.
Who ruled Vietnam before the French?
In its early history, northern Vietnam was colonised by China’s Han dynasty. They ruled it as a southern province of China and imposed Chinese language, law, culture and values on the Viet people. 4.
Why Vietnamese are French?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.