Over 3.5 million liters of Agent Orange were located on the Phu Cat base during the American war in Vietnam. Several areas of the Phu Cat base were found to have elevated levels of dioxin requiring remediation (above 1000 ppt in soil or 150 ppt in sediment).
Where did they use Agent Orange?
Agent Orange is a mixture of herbicides used during the Vietnam War by the U.S. military to defoliate forests and clear other vegetation. This herbicide mix was deployed in urban, agricultural, and forested areas in Vietnam to expose the enemy and destroy crops.
When was Agent Orange used in Vietnam?
From 1962 to 1971, the U.S. Air Force sprayed nearly 19 million gallons of herbicides in Vietnam, of which at least 11 million gallons was Agent Orange, in a military project called Operation Ranch Hand.
Was Agent Orange used in Da Nang?
Large amounts of Agent Orange, which contains dioxin, were stored at Danang airport during the war and sprayed by U.S. forces to defoliate the countryside and deny communist fighters jungle cover. Vietnamese still suffer from the effects of the spraying.
What are the 14 diseases associated with Agent Orange?
Here are the 14 health conditions associated with Agent Orange exposure as of 2020:
- Chronic B-Cell Leukemia.
- Hodgkin’s disease.
- Multiple Myeloma.
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
- Prostate cancer.
- Respiratory Cancers.
- Soft tissue sarcomas.
- Ischemic heart disease.
Who was most affected by Agent Orange?
In the 1970s, high levels of dioxin were found in the breast milk of South Vietnamese women, and in the blood of U.S. military personnel who had served in Vietnam. The most affected zones are the mountainous area along Truong Son (Long Mountains) and the border between Vietnam and Cambodia.
What is the compensation for Agent Orange?
During its operation, the Settlement Fund distributed a total of $197 million in cash payments to members of the class in the United States. Of the 105,000 claims received by the Payment Program, approximately 52,000 Vietnam Veterans or their survivors received cash payments which averaged about $3,800 each.
Is Vietnam still affected by Agent Orange?
The Dangers of Agent Orange
In other words, dioxin remains in water sources and soils for a long time. This means the chemical is still impacting those living where the U.S. dropped it. … Agent Orange is thought to be a leading cause of health defects for many Vietnam war veterans and possibly their offspring.
What chemicals are in Agent Orange?
The two active ingredients in the Agent Orange herbicide combination were equal amounts of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), which contained traces of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The dioxin TCDD was an unwanted byproduct of herbicide production.
What responsibility does the US have to Vietnam due to Agent Orange?
Our government has a moral and legal obligation, under international law, to compensate the people of Vietnam for the devastating impact of Agent Orange, and to assist in alleviating its effects.
Is there a blood test for Agent Orange?
As of 2018, there is no medical test for Agent Orange exposure. However, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) offers a free health exam to qualifying veterans.
What companies made Agent Orange?
During the war, Dow, Monsanto and other companies were compelled by the U.S. government to produce Agent Orange under the U.S. Defense Production Act of 1950. The government strictly controlled the transport, storage, use, and the specifications to which Agent Orange was to be manufactured exclusively for the military.
How did they spray Agent Orange in Vietnam?
In all, American forces used more than 20 million gallons of herbicides in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia during the years of Operation Ranch Hand. Herbicides were also sprayed from trucks and hand-sprayers around U.S. military bases.
What are the problems with Agent Orange?
Exposure to Agent Orange is associated with many diseases. It can lead to diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and several forms of cancer. If you were exposed to Agent Orange during your military service, you may qualify for VA disability benefits.
Can Agent Orange be passed to offspring?
Both male and female Vietnam veterans who faced Agent Orange exposure can pass spina bifida along to their children years after their military service ended.
Who qualifies for Agent Orange benefits?
In order to qualify for benefits, the following conditions must become noticeable to a degree of 10 percent or more within one year of the last date of exposure to Agent Orange: Chloracne. Porphyria cutanea tarda. Early-onset peripheral neuropathy.