The Mekong River is a life-source to the 60 million people that live within the lower Mekong basin. Aquatic resources such as fish and molluscs account for 80% of the protein in the household diets, while the fisheries of the Mekong are estimated to be worth over US $2 billion per year.
What is the importance of the Mekong River?
The Mekong River connects China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam physically and economically. The river is a lifeline for the entire basin, sustaining economies and livelihoods across the entire region.
How many people rely on the Mekong River to make a living?
Sixty million people depend directly upon this river for their livelihoods and perhaps as many as 300 million depend upon what is produced within the Mekong River basin.
What is unique about the Mekong River?
The Mekong River is the 12th longest river in the world, flowing from high up in the Tibetan Plateau, all the way to the South China Sea, some 4,500 km from its source. … The Mekong forms an important point of connection and unification between the region’s countries and its diverse peoples, landscapes and cultures.
Why is the Mekong River important to Laos?
It’s vitally important to the country; even the broad blue stripe in their National Flag represents the Mekong. With few good roads and mountainous terrain, these waters are Laos’ principal transportation and communication artery, and its’ predominant fishing area.
What is the main industry in the Mekong River?
Agriculture contributes 28 percent of Cambodia’s GDP. Much of this value comes from the export of agricultural products to the region and globally; Cambodia is the third largest rice exporter in the world. The highly productive land in Cambodia is a direct result of the Mekong Basin.
What problems does the Mekong River face today?
impacts, such as diminished river-bank agricultural and fishing opportunities. High exposure to severe storms, large populations living in low-lying areas, and relatively low adaptive capacity of institutions make Greater Mekong countries extremely vulnerable to climate change.
Does the Mekong River have crocodiles?
The Mekong, its floodplains and tributaries support huge collections of unique flora and fauna including, critically endangered freshwater Irrawaddy dolphins, the world’s largest freshwater fish – the Giant freshwater stingray – giant turtles, Mekong giant catfish, waterbirds, and Siamese crocodiles.
Is the Mekong river polluted?
The Mekong is one of the most polluted rivers in the world, transporting an estimated 40 thousand tonnes of plastic into the world’s oceans each year.
What does Mekong mean in English?
• MEKONG (noun) Meaning: An Asian river; flows through a large delta in southern Vietnam into the South China Sea.
Which is the longest river in Asia?
Yangtze River, Chinese (Pinyin) Chang Jiang or (Wade-Giles romanization) Ch’ang Chiang, longest river in both China and Asia and third longest river in the world, with a length of 3,915 miles (6,300 km).
What animals live in the Mekong River?
The Greater Mekong is home to some of the planet’s most endangered wild species, including the tiger, saola, Asian elephant, Mekong dolphin and Mekong giant catfish.
Why is the Mekong River so important to Southeast Asia?
From its source in the Tibetan Plateau to its end in Vietnam, the Mekong River is a critical source of drinking water for the millions of people who live in its watershed.
What country is the Mekong River most important to?
From China to Vietnam, the Mekong River is the lifeblood of Southeast Asia and offers a glimpse into the long history and diverse cultures of the region. The 12th longest river in the world and the 7th longest in Asia, it flows through six countries: China, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Which city is associated with the River Mekong?
Phnom-Penh cities is associated with the river Mekong. The river flows through Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam before draining into the South China Sea south of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon).
Which natural feature forms the border between Laos and Thailand?
In its more gentle lower stretches, where for a considerable distance it constitutes the boundary between Laos and Thailand, the Mekong inspires both conflict and cooperation among Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam.