Under climate change, Indonesia is predicted to experience temperature increases of approximately 0.8°C by 2030. Moreover, rainfall patterns are predicted to change, with the rainy season ending earlier and the length of the rainy season becoming shorter.
Is Indonesia vulnerable to climate change?
Indonesia is vulnerable to climate change due to its high population density – especially in coastal areas, and strong dependence on natural resources for income generation and consumption.
How does climate change affect Jakarta?
This sinking makes Jakarta vulnerable to flooding, tsunamis, and intense coastal storms expected to increase in frequency in this area due to climate change (Knutson et al., 2012; Siagian et al., 2014; Thiede and Gray, 2017; Watts et al., 2019).
Why does Indonesia’s climate vary?
Since Indonesia is close to the equator and surrounded by much water, its climate is a tropical marine climate with light winds and frequent thunderstorms. Monsoon winds and mountains also affect Indonesia’s climate. Temperature and rainfall vary across its different islands due to elevation and monsoon patterns.
How does climate change affect food security in Indonesia?
Climate change is projected to lower agricultural productivity. While poverty levels have decreased, many Indonesians remain at risk of falling into poverty. A preoccupation with food sovereignty has made nutritious diets unaffordable for many poorer Indonesians.
What is the climate of Indonesia?
The climate of Indonesia is almost entirely tropical. The uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia’s area ensures that temperatures on land remain fairly constant, with the coastal plains averaging 28 °C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C, and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C.
What countries share a border with Indonesia?
Indonesia shares borders with Malaysia on Borneo island, with Papua New Guinea on Papua island, and with East Timor on Timor island. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, and the union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India.
Is Indonesia taking part in global warming?
Indonesia plays a dual role in climate change issues, taking its impact but also being able to provide solutions on global carbon absorption and in oxygen emission. Global warming takes its course in Indonesia with surface temperatures increasing from 0.2 to 0.3 of a degree Celsius per decade.
Why is Jakarta at risk of flooding?
Jakarta’s geography makes the city particularly vulnerable to flood risk. Jakarta lies on a deltaic floodplain on the north-west coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung river on Jakarta Bay. … This draining of aquifers is contributing to the sinking of the city (Thomson Reuters Foundation, 2020).
How is Bali affected by climate change?
Sea level rise, coastal flooding and coastal erosion. Approximately 85% of California’s population live and work in coastal counties. As sea levels rise, saltwater contamination of the State’s delta and levee systems will increase. …
Is Indonesia very humid?
The climate of Indonesia is almost everywhere equatorial, ie hot, humid and rainy throughout the year. In some areas, there is a dry season, more or less marked, which is therefore the best period for a trip.
Why is Indonesia so hot?
Indra added that in October, the Earth’s northern hemisphere tilted away from the center of the solar system meaning that the Sun appeared to move directly above areas just south of the equator, bringing intense heat to Java, Bali, South Sulawesi, and more.
What is the main culture of Indonesia?
Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.
How can we improve food security in Indonesia?
Increasing inter-island connectivity to provide greater access to markets for domestic food producers, while continuing to supplement food supplies with imported produce, is a better method of enhancing food security. Successive Indonesian governments have connected self-sufficiency to enhanced food security.
How does climate change affect food and water security?
Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.
What causes food insecurity in Indonesia?
Indonesian food insecurity stems from unequal access to proper food and nutrition. Unaffordable food has led to alarmingly high levels of stunting and malnutrition. Indonesia’s rivers and lakes are highly polluted and vulnerable to seasonal variation.