Eventually Raffles settled on the island of Singapore, because of its position at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, near the Straits of Malacca, and its excellent natural harbor, fresh water supplies, and timber for repairing ships. Most importantly, it was unoccupied by the Dutch.
Why were the British Interested in Singapore?
SINGAPORE was chosen by the British because of the location, it was a reliable port for trading in Asia, especially China. … The British wanted to trade with China during that time and if Singapore was under the British control, they could use Singapore to easily travel to travel to China for trading and back.
When did Raffles Singapore?
Raffles, then the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (now Bengkulu) in Sumatra, landed in Singapore on 29 January 1819. Recognising the immense potential of the swamp-covered island, he helped negotiate a treaty with the local rulers and established Singapore as a trading station.
How did Raffles came to Singapore?
Raffles’ expedition officially landed in Singapore on 29 January 1819, although he landed at the southern outskirts on St John’s Island a day before. … Raffles found a Malay settlement at the mouth of the river, which was then headed by a Temenggong (governor) for the Sultan of Johor, Tengku Abdul Rahman.
Who was Raffles in Singapore?
Sir Stamford Raffles, in full Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, (born July 6, 1781, at sea, off Port Morant, Jam. —died July 5, 1826, London, Eng.), British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (1819), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire.
Why is Singapore so rich?
Today, the Singapore economy is one of the most stable in the world, with no foreign debt, high government revenue and a consistently positive surplus. The Singapore economy is mainly driven by exports in electronics manufacturing and machinery, financial services, tourism, and the world’s busiest cargo seaport.
What country owns Singapore?
Singapore became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following a merger with Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
Signing the 1819 Treaty – On 6 February, 1819, a treaty was signed between Sir Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor, allowing the British East India Company (EIC) to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
What was Singapore before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
Who controlled Singapore?
During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945. When the war ended, Singapore reverted to British control, with increasing levels of self-government being granted, culminating in Singapore’s merger with the Federation of Malaya to form Malaysia in 1963.
Why was Singapore once thought to be an impregnable fortress before being invaded by the Japanese?
A naval base was constructed in Sembawang and huge guns were emplaced in strategic locations along Singapore’s coastlines to fend off possible naval attacks which made people believe that Singapore had good defence and was a safe country. Hence, people thought that Singapore was an impregnable fortress.
How old is Singapore?
SINGAPORE: Singapore marks 55 years of independence in 2020 – a challenging year for the small nation as it continues to fight the global COVID-19 pandemic.
What is forbidden in Singapore?
Damaging, destroying and stealing public property, as well as drawing, painting, writing, inscribing, and marking any private property without the owner’s consent are considered illegal. Affixing placards, posters, banners, and flags is also prohibited.
What is Raffles famous for?
Easily the most famous hotel in Singapore, no other establishment epitomises the island’s colonial history better than Raffles Hotel Singapore. Named after Singapore’s founder, Sir Stamford Raffles, the hotel was built by the Sarkies Brothers, responsible for other luxury hotels in the region during the colonial era.
Who is the owner of Raffles Hotel?